Volume 8, Issue 3 (3-2018)                   MJLTM 2018, 8(3): 171-180 | Back to browse issues page

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M. Asratyan N, M. Gibadullin R, D. Asratyan Z, R. Magizov R, V. Nurullina R, I. Shpeka I et al . Language Processes And Bilingualism In Polyethnic Environment: The Envistigation In The Republic Of Tatarstan. MJLTM. 2018; 8 (3) :171-180
URL: http://mjltm.org/article-1-173-en.html
Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Branch in Naberezhnye Chelny city
Abstract:   (4001 Views)
The contemporary globalizing society incorporates human beings into complicated relations of the multicultural environment influencing them in different ways which results in various combinations of ethnic and poly-ethnic identity in their consciousness. If it takes the form of eclectic fragmentation of cultural influences, the product is a painful identity crisis. However, this cannot be completely avoided either because of the rapidly gaining speed of globalist tendencies or because of the poly-ethnicity of the Russian society itself. The material of this article is the results of studies of the situation and trends in this field. These investigations were conducted by us at regular intervals since 1989 in the multinational city of Naberezhnye Chelny (the Republic of Tatarstan). The late 80-s and early 90-s brought about a situation when the silence on negative processes in the sphere of inter-ethnic relations was replaced by rapid dynamism and sharp contradictions associated with the end of the Soviet era. It was the interethnic sphere that was most of all affected by those contradictions. Naberezhnye Chelny is a mono-industrial city in the Republic of Tatarstan with the multinational population which emerged in the period of the construction of the KAMAZ plant. At present it is inhabited by more than 530 thousand people, including 47,4% of Tatars and 44,9% of Russian citizens. The rest are representatives of other diverse nationalities. The Republic of Tatarstan itself as a part of the Russian Federation is a visible example of a multi-ethnic and multicultural space. It is home to representatives of 115 nationalities. Official languages: Tatar, Russian. Tatars make up 53.2 % of the whole population, Russians —39.7 %.
Methods of a longitudinal research allow making a comparative analysis of the empirical data that have been accumulating for several decades since 1989. The last empirical survey was conducted by us in 2017. This survey of Naberezhnye Chelny residents aged over 18 was carried out according to a stratified (regionalized) sample (N = 650).
The article reflects the contradictions between ethnic groups on lingual issues, the different attitude of Russians and Tatars to bilingualism. It reveals their peculiarities in understanding these problems and underlines the necessity of either compulsory or optional learning of the Tatar language at school. The article also reflects the evolutionary dynamics of the assessments themselves.
 The article reflects the contradictory estimates of the processes of national development and the state of interethnic relations by the respondents, their attitude to the Tatar and Russian languages, as well as the evolutionary dynamics of the assessments themselves.
Keywords: Methnos, nation, language, bilingualism, identity, poly-ethnic environment, international relations, ethnic self-conscience, All-Russian identity
Norair M. Asratyan,Rustam M. Gibadullin,Zoya D. Asratyan ,Rustem R. Magizov ,Roza V. Nurullina,Irina I. Shpeka,Maksim V. Levchenko
Full-Text [PDF 379 kb]   (1288 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Foreign language teaching and learning
Received: 2018/08/18 | Accepted: 2018/08/18 | Published: 2018/08/18

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